Over the last twenty years, maritime and port logistics have undergone profound organisational and management changes as a result of the enormous growth in demand and technological innovations in the field of transport and information technology. In this context, public institutions have been called upon to radically reorganise the mechanisms of governance and the ways in which they interact with the business world.

At the same time, the competitiveness of a port is increasingly linked to the competitiveness of the entire logistics and transport chain, to which the port belongs, and therefore to the capacity of the chain to guarantee fast, reliable and competitively priced transport services (and any additional services).

The main actors (public: Port Authorities, Harbour Offices, Customs Agency; private: shipowners, terminal operators, shipping companies, shipping agencies, logistics operators, road haulage companies) are involved in this path of change that requires the organization, management and integrated resolution of decision-making processes.